The publication of the report on the expedition to Egypt in December - 2012 is finished!
I want to thank everyone who took part in organization of this expedition, and everyone who supported the website and forum, while the administration staff of the Project ISIDA was working on the report. Special thanks to Dmitry Maslennikov, and Yousef and Patricia Awyan for help in organization the expedition! The administration staff is sharing a deep gratitude to all our Project participants, researchers and guests for their interest to the Ancient History of Egypt.
See you on the forum pages, where together we shall discuss the material and search for the answers, on the questions, left for us by the Time...
EGYPT: December - 2012. Abu-Rawash. The Pyramid of Djedefre.
The Unfinished Pyramid Djedefre is
located eight kilometers north-west of the Great Pyramids of Giza, near
the Egyptian village of Abu Rawash. The Abu Rawash plateau is
located 100 meters higher above the plateau of Giza. The Pyramid Complex
of Giza and Saqqara is easily visible from here. Today, the
Pyramid of Djedefre is runed. The maximum height of its walls reaches
EGYPT: December - 2012. Cairo. Museum of Antiquities. Two Sarcofagus.
Taking pictures inside the Cairo Museum
is prohibited and requires a special permission. Therefore, in this
photo report we shall focus only on two items, located outdoors of the
Museum building. The first one is a two-chamber quartzite sarcophagus,
and the second one - is a granite sarcophagus with the artifacts of
"The Round Pyramid" or "Step Pyramid", is located in two kilometers from the Giza in Zaviet el-Arian. Today, it is completely destroyed.
The Round Pyramid is regarded to be the Pyramid of to Pharaoh Haba - the last King of the Third Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. Its base - is 14 rows of limestone blocks masonry. Its "Burial chamber" is carved inside the natural rock under the Pyramid. There is a staircase and a gallery leading to it from the north-eastern entrance, which is not-accessible now. Outside
of the pyramid, there is another gallery, made in the bedrock, and
streaching to the north-east and to the north and north-west of the
Pyramid. This gallery has 32 niches.
EGYPT: December - 2012. Saqqara. Headless Pyramid.
The Headless Pyramid was discovered in 1842 by the German archaeologist Karl Lepsius, during his excavations at
Saqqara. This Pyramid was called as the "Headless Pyramid" because of the the absence of its exterior.
Time passed and the Pyramid gradually sank under the desert sands. The attempts of archaeologists to find it once again - appeared in vain. Luck faced only to the archeology team of Dr. Zahi Hawass in 2008. A year and a half was spent on removing a seven-meter layer of sand, until the Pyramid was found again, 166 years later after Karl Lepsius' discovery.
EGYPT: December - 2012. Saqqara. Quartzite Sarcofagus in the Desert.
The railroad is crossing the Desert in
two kilometers to the North of the Red Pyramid. It lies a few meters
below the level of sands of Saqqara. So, here
we can easily see the the structure of the geological layers of Saqqara, cut while the construction of the railways.
In this report shall focus on one single artifact - quartzite
sarcophagus, which, probably, was found during the removing these
geological layers, while construction the railway though the Saqqara
EGYPT: December - 2012. Saqqara. Shepseskaf Mastaba.
The Mastaba of Shepseskaf is located in
South Saqqara, 3.5 km to the south of the Pyramid of Djoser and 3.5 km
to the North of the Red Pyramid at Dahshur. Its perimeter is 100 x 75 m
and its height is - 18 m. Mastaba consists of 10 rows of limestone
blocks, which are strongly damaged by erosion. There are a lot of
fragments of the facing blocks and granite pieces of some ancient
structures, located at the foot of the Mastaba.
EGYPT: December - 2012. Saqqara. The Pyramid of Pepi I.
The pyramid of Pharaoh Pepi II is located in South Saqqara, a mile away from the Pyramid of Pepi I.
The Pyramid complex of Pepi II was discovered by John Perring.
In 1881. Gaston Maspero was the first to enter the interior of the
Among other artifacts, we have paid
special attention to the
basalt block, located in the southeast of the Pyramid. It has a great number of high-tech traces of
ancient instrument, left on it's surface.