- Bubastis -
Bubastis - is an ancient Egyptian city, located in the Lower Egypt to the south-east of the Nile Delta. This city existed since the beginning of the III-rd millennium BC up to the middle of the I-st millennium BC. It's modern localization - the area of Tell Basta.
The most full description of the Temple of Bastet was given by Herodotus in V century BC. He regarded it as the most beautiful biulding in Ancient Egypt:
"Temples there are more spacious and costlier than that of Bubastis, but none so pleasant to behold. It is after the following fashion. Except at the entrance, it is surrounded by water: for two canals branch off from the river, and run as far as the entrance to the temple: yet neither canal mingles with the other, but one runs on this side, and the other on that. Each canal is a hundred feet wide, and its banks are lined with trees. The propylaea are sixty feet in height, and are adorned with sculptures (probably intaglios in relief) nine feet high, and of excellent workmanship. The Temple being in the middle of the city is looked down upon from all sides as you walk around; and this comes from the city having been raised, whereas the temple itself has not been moved, but remains in its original place. Quite round the temple there goes a wall, adorned with sculptures. Within the inclosure is a grove of fair tall trees, planted around a large building in which is the effigy (of Bast). The form of that temple is square, each side being a stadium in length. In a line with the entrance is a road built of stone about three stadia long, leading eastwards through the public market. The road is about 400 feet (120 m) broad, and is flanked by exceeding tall trees. It leads to the temple of Hermes."
The archeological excavations at Bubastis were made primarily inside the area of the shrine. Now we can judge about the splendor of the ancient city only by remains of the wonderful monuments, found on the site.
The diorite sarcofagus with a red streak of aplite - is one of the most interesting artifacts in museum area.
Beneath the open-air museum area, there is a large territory of the Temple of Bastet, which is so beautifully described by Herodotus in his Chronicles.
The most common hypothesis, concerning the destruction of the Temple of Bastet - is based on the fact that the elements of its design were quarried for the building stone. © Copyright 2014 of ISIDA Project. All rights reserved.
© Copyright 2014 of ISIDA Project. All rights reserved.