- DAHSHUR -
Old Kingdom Mastabas
The complex of Mastabas, officially dated by the Old Kingdom, is located in a kilometer to the south-west of the Red Pyramid and the same distance to the north-west of the Bent Pyramid.
Mastabas, located there, are built in several different ways. Here we see together - the processed limestone blocks, adobe, plaster and cement.
During the preparation of the expedition, while studying all the available material on Dahshur Mastabas of the Old Kingdom, we had assumption, that processed limestone blocks were taken from the surface of the Red and Bent Pyramids. These block could be delivered to the destination along the small rivers. The dried riverbeds are shown on the satellite image of Dahshur (in the top of the page).
...And a version of using the facing blocks of the Pyramids for the construction of Mastabas, dissolved in the air of Dahshur.
Therefore, these limestone blocks, that forming the basenments of Mastabas, could be the elements of some unknown ancient building, that ever existed in the area of Mastabas present location.
This fact, in conjunction with other facts, made us suggest a hypothesis, that these mastabas - are only the top of the iceberg, hiding beneath the sands of Dhashur. When looking at the Mastaba № 17 in Meidum, you would never think that it may hide inside itself like this ...
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