Elephantine Island

Elephantine Island is one of the largest of southern islands on the Nile, located in Aswan. The length of the island from north to south is 1.2 km, and from east to west is about 400 m at its widest point.

Before starting the describtion of the high-tech artifacts, that have found their rest in the ruins of the Late Period, let's note the picturesque view of the places and hospitality of the guards, who are securing the World Heritage of Antiquity.


So, let's make a short trip deep into the historical part of the island.




On the first two shots in the third row, we can see an artifact that causes a lot of questions and discussions. What is shown on the last two pictures - is a thin straight line, going through the granite base of the column, a limestone block, granite block, and then passes through the entire area up to the granite Gate.


At first glance, while inspection the Gate, we noticed, that its constituent units have a small offset relative to each other. It is shown in the last two pictures. Blocks are displaced, but the stone carvings on granite bas-relief have no any offset at all. This fact made us to take a closer look to the entire structure. As appeared, this shift occurred because of the block crack (vertical curved crack is visible on the photo). It made the left side of the block to move left, so that is why the line is misplaced now.

And now we would like to show you two outstanding high-tech artifacts of the Elephantine Island.

The pink granite Naos.






Broken gray granite Naos.



Among the most ancient monuments of the  Elephantine Island - is a Pyramid, built of granite stones.


Our attention was drawn to another artifact - two rows of circular holes in the granite rock, one of which goes under the Pyramid, and the second passes in front of it (the last photo).


Already leaving the Elephantine Island, we were able to visit one of the oldest Egyptian Nilometer.




Already one can see from the pictures above, that this site is of great interest for further scientific research. In particular, in the second photo in the first row we see the entrance, and on the first three images of the second row - there is a window, which has the same shape as the windows in the southern temples of Dendera and Edfou. Looks like this powerful structure with a 5-meter-thick walls, perhaps, not originally been intended only for measuring the level of the Nile. It, probably, carried much more certain and important function. For example, there is the following inscription  in the Osireion  tunnel:

In translation from Ancient Egyptian, this means the following:

Horus addressing to Osiris says:

- I came and filled the channels for you;
- I went and built canals for you;
- I came and got you the cool water from Elephantine.

Pretty clear allusion to the existence of the first Aswan Dam ...

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