- ABUSIR -
The Pyramid of Sahura
The first studies of the Pyramid of Sahura and its Temple Complex were carried out in the middle of the XIX century by English Egyptologist John Perring and German archaeologist Karl Lepsius. Because of the strong collapse of the interior of the Pyramid, no any serious archaeological works were possible for them. And only a few years later, the inner rooms of the Pyramid were visited by French archaeologist Jacques de Morgan. But he also was unable to get too far inside. The first large-scale excavation of the Pyramid Complex were carried out only at the beginning of the XX century, by German Egyptologist Ludwig Borchardt. During the period from 1902 to 1908 the whole Complex was cleared from sand and carefully studied.
The Valley and Pyramid Temples of Sahura.
Before reviewing the design features of the Valley Temple, lets pay attention to the pictures, showing the "Ceremonial Causeway", connecting the Valley Temple with the Upper Pyramid Temple. Lets note the presence of a well-preserved aqueduct, located under the causeway along its entire length of 235 meters. The first picture below is showing the beginning of the aqueduct, the last one - shows it's sequel on the way to the Pyramid Temple.
As shown on the pictures below, the Temple has a floor, made of basalt blocks, arranged in the style of "polygonal masonry." White patches on the basalt blocks of the floor and the walls along the whole perimeter is explained by the fact, that the Temple building for a long time was affected by the water, so the stone is partly covered by the white sediments, caused by external influences of natural conditions.
In the last row of the pictures above we can see a technological element in the eastern wall of the Temple. Something similar we can watch in Osirion at Abydos:
Walking up the causeway, we face the Upper Pyramid Temple, which is located on the east side of the Pyramid of Sahura. As it shown on the photos below, there are a great number of construction elements, made of granite and basalt.
Talking about basalt polygonal masonry of the Pyramid floors, lets mention that such kind of floors can be found in the Upper Temples of the Pyramid of Cheops in Giza, the Pyramid of Userkaf in Saqqara and the Pyramids of Sahour and Niuserra in Abusir.
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