The rock of Abu Simbel is famous for its two Temples, carved in it during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC, as the monument to himself and to his queen Nefertari, to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Kadesh.
For a long time these Temples were completely buried under the sand, while in 1813 the Swiss traveler Jean-Louis Burckhardt accidentally discovered a part of the top structures, looking out from under the sand. A few years later, after a major excavations, the Temples of Abu Simbel were completely released from the sands of Sahara Desert.
EGYPT: November-December 2013. Aswan. The Quartzite Quarries.
The main task of our expedition "Egypt-2013", was the detailed study of the quartzite quarry sites of the ancient Egyptian builders. Along with the gps-data and information of the reports of different archeological missions, we visited this area in searches for artifacts, located along the ancient roads, which like the Nazca Lines are crossing the quartzite quarries of Aswan Desert.
EGYPT: November-December 2013. Aswan. Philae. The Temple of Isis.
Philae was formerly an island in the First Cataract of the Nile river and the previous site of an Ancient Egyptian temple complex of Isis. The complex was dismantled and relocated to the nearby Agilkia Island during a UNESCO project started because of the construction of the Aswan Dam, after the site was partly flooded by the earlier Aswan Low Dam for half a century.
Luxor Temple is located on the east bank of the Nile River in the center of the city of Luxor (ancient Thebes). The Temple was founded in 1400 BCE during the reign of Amenhotep III. Long before the construction of the Temple, this place was considered as the sacred place...
EGYPT: November-December 2013. Dendera. The Eastern Arch.
Each time we visit Denderah, the Ancient Past reveals more and more new facts, gradually forming a general picture of the ancient History of Egypt, which is partly "encrypted" here, in 60 kilometers to the North of Luxor in the ancient fortress, known as the Temple of Hat-Hor.
EGYPT: November-December 2013. Abydos. The Temple of Ramsess II.
In 300 meters from the Temple of the Kings, built by Seti I, on the western side of the Beni-Mansur settlement, there are ruins of of the Temple of Ramsess II, the son of the Pharaoh Seti I.
For the first time the Temple of Ramsess II was discovered during the archaeological mission of the French egyptologist Auguste Mariette. Until that time, the Temple of Ramses II and other ancient buildings of Abydos were unknown.
EGYPT: November-December 2013. Abydos. The Temple of the Kings (Seti I).
"The construction of the Temple of the Kings by Sety I and Ramess II involves many interesting problems which we can begin now to unravel, but which require also still more examination of the structure before they can be fully solved.."
During the period of rising of the Architecture and Construction in Ancient Egypt, the demand for building material for the Pyramids and Temples led to the development of a number of quarries, located along the Nile Valley. In this chapter we shall focus on one single fact - the 11-kilometer Road, connecting Egypt's largest basalt quarry Widan-el-Farras with the Nile River through the Moeris Lake.