- SAQQARA -

Serapeum

Serapeum - is underground structure, dug deep in the limestone rock. It was discovered in 1851 by French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette. The information on excavation of the Serapeum Complex, can be found in his work "Le Sérapéum de Memphis".

Until 2012, the Serapeum was closed to the public. After extensive restoration work the Ministry of Antiquities have finally opened the door to the mysterious underground galleries.

Egypt reopens historic Saqqara necropolis

Friday, 21 September 2012

A general view shows the main corridor inside the Serapuem tomb, near Saqqara, south of Cairo. (Reuters)
By Samar Bashat
Al Arabiya with Agencies


Click here to read more on "Al Arabia News" about Serapeum reopening.

Welcome to Serapeum!

The opened part of Serapeum galleries contains 27 items. All sarcofagus are monolithic, made of whole rock.

Each sarcophagus is unique and has its own unique size and shape. Perfectly polished mirror surface of the most part of the sarcofagus, makes general impression, that all of them have an ideal geometrical form. In reality, their external forms are far from ideal, as it seems at the first glance. Sarcofagus have complex geometric forms. But what unites them all - it is their internal ideal rectangular shape. It tells us, that their creators first of all needed their internal ideal geometry.

Inside surfaces of the sarcophagus - are flat walls, with no chipping or other technological damages. The walls of the outer surfaces has external damages. The polishing and carvings were made over the damaged surface. (Example: № 12, № 13, № 19, № 20).

Below is a scheme of the sarcofagus arrangement inside the Serapeum galleries. For better orientation in the underground rooms - click on the icon of the sarcophagus to see the pictures of the chosen item.

The object № 1. The lid.

Red granite. The surface is processed, but not polished.

            

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Object № 2. Sarcofagus "Amasis".

Red granite. Walls are processed but not polished. The interior angles have small rounding. The minimum and maximum radiation level is shown in the last two pictures below.
External dimensions of the sarcophagus - 3,8 m x 2,5 m x 2,4 m.
Below is an interactive 3D model of the sarcophagus "Amasis".

 3D programming by Alexey Kruzer © avalon

            

            

            

            

            

            

            

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Object № 3. Sarcofagus.

Grey granite. Non-processed surface.

            

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Object № 4. Sarcofagus "Khabbash".

Gray granite. The external and internal surfaces are polished.

            

            

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Object № 5. Sarcofagus.

Gray granite. Outer and inner surfaces are not polished. Unlike other items, there is a groove extending around the inner perimeter of the sarcophagus. There is curb from the underside of the lid. Together, these structural parts are making a "lock", thereby providing a reliable fixation of the lid.

            

            

            

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Object № 6. Sarcofagus.

Gray granite. The external and internal surfaces are processed. No polishing.

            

            

            

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Object № 7. Sarcofagus.

Gray granite. The external and internal surfaces are processed. No polishing.

            

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Object № 8. Sarcofagus.

Gabbro-diorite. The external and internal surfaces are polished. Inside corners are - 90 degrees.

            

            

            

            

            

            

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Object № 9 and № 10. Empty niches.

No sarcofagus inside.

           

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Object № 11. Sarcofagus.

Diorite (granodiorite). The external and internal surfaces are polished.

            

            

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Object № 12. Sarcofagus.

The main rock is - diorite. Red streaks - aplite. The external and internal surfaces are polished. The outer surface is polished over the damaged surface (the last picture of the first row). Inside corners are - 90 degrees.

            

            

            

            

            

            

            

            

            

            

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Object № 13. Sarcofagus.

Черный гранит. Полировка поверхности поверх внешних повреждений. Внутренняя часть недоступна.

            

            

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Object № 14. Sarcofagus.

Granodiorite. Polished surface. The inner part is not available.

            

            

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Object № 15. Sarcofagus.

Granodiorite. The external surface is polished. The inner part is not available.

            

            

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Object № 16. Sarcofagus.

Syenite porphyry. The external surface is polished. The inner part is not available.

            

            

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Object № 17. Sarcofagus.

Syenite porphyry. The external and internal surfaces are polished. The outer surface was polished over the damaged walls of the sarcofagus. The carvings and inscriptions were made over the polished surface.
External dimensions of the sarcophagus - 3,8 m x 2,17 m x 2,3 m. Below is the interactive 3D model of the sarcophagus №17.

3D programming by Alexey Kruzer © avalon

            

            

            

            

            

            

            

            

            

            

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Object № 18. Sarcofagus.

Diorite. The external and internal surfaces are polished. The lid has complex geometrical form. The inner part is not available.

            

            

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Object № 19. Sarcofagus.

Diorite. The external surface is polished. The lid is damaged. Polishing over the damage surface. The inner part is not available.

            

            

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Object № 20. Sarcofagus.

Syenite-porphyry. The external and internal surfaces are polished. The lid is damaged. Polishing over the damage surface. The inner part is not available.

            

            

            

            

            

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Object № 21. Sarcofagus.

Diorite. The external surface is polished. The lid is damaged. Polishing over the damage surface. The inner part is not available.

            

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Object № 22. Sarcofagus.

Diorite. The external surface is processed, but not polished. The inner part is not available.

            

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Object № 23. Sarcofagus.

Granodiorite. External surface is processed, but not polished. The lid is damaged. Inside surfaces are - polished. Inside corners are 90 degrees.

            

            

            

            

            

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Object № 24. Sarcofagus.

Red granite. External surface is processed, but not polished.

            

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Object № 25. Sarcofagus.

Grey granite. External surface is processed, but not polished. Inside surfaces are polished. Inside corners are 90 degrees.

            

            

            

            

            

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Object № 26. Sarcofagus.

Gray granite. Strongly curved shape. The external surface is rough-processed. Internal syrface is more quality, but also rough in comparison with other sarcofagus. Probably this piece is unfinished.

            

            

            

            

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Object № 27. The lid.

Gray granite. Rough handling. Perhaps this lid was intended for the sarcophagus number 26.

            

 


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